Ahead of the summit, the US president criticised the lack of burden-sharing by NATO member states.
US President Donald Trump has told NATO countries to increase their defence spending to four percent of their gross domestic product, higher than the group’s goal of two percent, a White House official said on Wednesday.
The official said the president’s remarks were not a formal proposal but came as he was urging leaders to increase their outlays on defence.
The US president has been openly critical of his NATO allies since becoming president in January 2017. Ahead of the summit of the 29-member military alliance being held in the Belgian capital, Brussels, Trump sent out a tweet about the funding of NATO.
Trump has repeatedly said the US was bearing an unfair burden because it spends many times more of its GDP on defence than other NATO countries.
Speaking at the summit, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg earlier said that members states had agreed to spend more on defence in the coming years.
“All allies are increasing defence spending. This year at least eight of the NATO countries have committed to spend at least two percent of their GDP on defence and a majority of our allies have plans to do so by 2024,” Stoltenberg said during a press conference in Brussels.
“For a quarter of a century many countries have been cutting billions from their defence budgets. Now they are adding billions,” he added.
Stoltenberg said that in the coming years, the financial burden will be divided more evenly.
In total, NATO will receive $266bn more between this year and 2024, the secretary-general said.
But Stoltenberg’s assurances that NATO member states are ramping up military funding do not seem to have impressed Trump.
Increased military capabilities
Along with the increase in funding, NATO members also said they will work together to increase the capabilities of NATO missions around the world.
One of these missions will be in Iraq, where an operation will be set up to train local forces.
“The importance of the training mission in Iraq is because we believe prevention is more effective than intervention,” the head of NATO said.
“We have to make sure ISIL is not able to come back. The best way to do this is by making sure the Iraqi government training, the Iraqi forces are able to prevent them from coming back,” he added.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau offered for Canada to lead NATO’s new military training mission in Iraq.
Speaking at an event on the sidelines of the NATO summit, Trudeau focused on the importance of rebuilding the war-ravaged country.
“We have to build that democracy and strengthen it,” Trudeau said, adding that doing this “is something that we believe in deeply.”
Trudeau also said Canada is willing to provide 250 troops and helicopters to help the efforts.
Russian gas and oil
The NATO summit in Brussels was off to a rocky start, when on Wednesday morning Trump told Stoltenberg Russia is effectively holding Germany captive because Germany’s reliance on Russian gas and oil.
Trump said it was “very inappropriate” for the US to be paying for European defence from Russia while Germany is supporting gas deals with Moscow.
“They pay billions of dollars to Russia and we have to defend them against Russia,” Trump told Stoltenberg at a breakfast meeting.
“Germany as far as I’m concerned is captive to Russia because it’s getting so much of its energy from Russia,” he said.
Usually the 29-member military alliance’s annual meetings have traditionally been fairly by-the-book affairs, expectations are different this year – thanks, in large, to Trump.
The US president has been openly critical of many of NATO’s practices, often railing against Washington spending more money on defence than other member states.